As you learn Spanish, you may find that the meaning of this word can be affected when a preposition comes before a word. This is the case withwhere vs whereAlthough these words are very similar, they have slightly different meanings. Therefore we cannot use them interchangeably as they do not express the same intentions.
So what is the difference between dónde and adónde?WoorWois the direct translation of "where". We use it to refer to or ask about a person, an object, or the location of a place.To wherealso means "where" but we use it to ask for a destination, it usually works with the verb "ir".
As you can see, there are some differences between "donde" and "adonde". Both adverbs are very useful for asking questions and talking about places in Spanish, so you need to become familiar with both.
In this article, we're going to talk in more detail about when and how to use "donde" and "adonde" in Spanish. We'll discuss their various uses and provide you with both sentence structures and real-world examples so you can apply these words in your conversations. At the end you will be able to use "donde" and "adonde" correctly.
What is the difference between "donde" and "adonde"?
As mentioned, although both "donde" and "adonde" are translated as'Wo',In Spanish, these words are not exactly the same and so we use them in different contexts.Wois a Spanish adverb we use to refer to a place or place.
your glasses areWoYou left them a layer
your glasses areWoyou left her yesterday
"Donde" can also be used to ask for the location of an object, person, or place. However, if you ask questions, "donde" becomes "donde".Wo.Keep in mind that this change in Spanish does not affect the translation of this word.
To knowWoI put my wallet
Do you knowWoI have my wallet?
To whereis also an adverb, but we use it to talk about or to ask about aGoal.So if you want to translate this word literally, "adónde" means.'to where'.One thing that can help you easily identify this word is that "adónde" always works with the Spanish verb'And'.
hey you knowto whereDid Patty go on vacation?
hey you knowWoPatty was on vacation?
¿To wherewill you have dinner
Woare you going to eat?
As you may have noticed from the previous examples, we always use "adónde" to ask a question about a person's goal. In some Spanish-speaking countries, "adonde" is used without an accent to say "to the house of."
Your mother is not here, she wasto wherethe neighbor
Your mother is not here, she is goneto the neighbor
Although "donde" and "adonde" may seem the same, in Spanish the presence of the preposition isa (to)affects the meaning of these words. In the following paragraphs we will go into more detail about the properties and the different situations in which you can use each of these words.
adonde in SpanishTo where
We have already mentioned that "adonde" is literally translated as'to where'and so we use this word to talk about or ask about someone's goal. Before delving into the usage of "adonde" and some examples, remember that in Spanish we can write "adonde" as two separate words.
wo = wo
wo = wo
Both spellings are acceptable and do not affect the meaning of these words. However, nowadays it is more common to write it as two separate words. Here are some of the most common ways or situations in which you can use "a donde" in Spanish.
1. Asking someone about their goal
It's very common to use "a dónde" or "adónde" when asking about a person's destination (not the same as current location). In this context, we are not talking about a travel destination as a synonym for vacation, but about a persongosomewhere. As a result, "adónde" is translated as in this situation'Wo'(to where).
In this case, you have to keep in mind that “adonde” always works with the verb'And'.Here are some examples as well as the phrase structure to follow:
"Wo" or "Wo" + [go conjugated] + [sentence]?
¿To wheredid you leave on saturday
Wodid you go on saturday
I can't find Tania and Andrea, you knowto wherewar?
I can find Tania and Andrea, you knowWoThey went?
Observe:Every time you use "adonde" to ask a question or as an expression, you have to add an accent. As a result, "adonde" becomes "adónde" or "a dónde" in this context.
2. To show surprise or disappointment
In colloquial Spanish it is also very common to use "a dónde" as an expression to express surprise or disappointment. In this context, this word is also translated as "where".
¡To whereLet's stop this crisis!
Wolet's go with this crisis!
Didn't pass your exam? Seriously, I have no ideato wherelet's go with you
Didn't pass your exam? Seriously, I have no ideaWoWe will end with you
As mentioned earlier, these types of phrases are quite common in Spanish conversations. Note that the previous examples, while not questions, still work with the verb "ir".
3. As a synonym for "to the house of".
We've already established that "adonde" must have an accent when asking questions or when used as an expression. However, there are some cases where this word does not need an accent. One such situation is the use of "adonde" to indicate that a person is at someone else's home. Here are some examples:
Where + [Name]
your grandmother wasto wheredie García
Your grandma leftto the Garcias
We will goto whereMy aunt, do you want it?
We goto my aunt, do you want to come?
Note that after “adonde” we must add the name or noun that refers to the person we are talking about (García, tía). Just like in English, we also need to put an article or possessive pronoun before the noun.
In Spanish, this type of structure is more common in small communities or among the elderly. Although "adonde" helps to shorten the sentence, young Spanish speakers tend to translate the phrase "to the house of" word for word.
|With a donde||ohne where|
|your grandmother wasto wheredie García||your grandmother wasTo the house ofdie García|
|Your grandma leftTodie Garcias||Your grandma leftTodie Garcias|
donde in SpanishWo
We have established this in the previous sectionsWois also translated as "where". Unlike "adonde", however, "donde" does not ask or speak about a person's goal. In Spanish we use “donde” to ask or indicate the location of a person, place or object. This adverb is not limited to working with just one verb (eg.'And'and "adonde"). Depending on the purpose of your sentence, you can use it with different verbs.
It wasn't the museumWoYou told me
It wasn't the museumWoYou told me
Look good! Your bag should beWoyou left her
Look good! It should be your bagWoyou left it
As you may have noticed, in these previous examples, "donde" has no accent. That's because we don't ask questions, we use "donde" to refer to a place or place. However, you must add an accent every time you use interrogative clauses. For example, this would be the structure to use when asking for a location.
Where + [to be conjugated] + [place, person, object]?
DimeWois your brother there
tell meWoyour brother is
To knowWois my glasses
Do you knowWomy glasses are?
At this point you've probably noticed that Spanish accents also change the meaning of a word: we use "dónde" to ask questions and "donde" to refer to a place.
Although in this case the difference in meaning may not be so clear to you, there are some cases where the absence or presence of an accent has a major impact on the meaning of a word. A classic example of this problem ishim against him, words that constantly confuse new Spanish speakers.
As mentioned before, we can use "dónde" with different verbs depending on the information we want to get. Here are some examples:
Hello where are you from? Hi where are you from?
where did you buy your shoes Where did you buy your shows?
Excuse me, do you know where I can catch a bus downtown? Excuse me, do you know where I can catch a bus downtown?
Both "donde" and "a donde" are translated as "wo". However, as we have established in this article, these words are not synonyms and therefore do not use them in the same situations. We learned that "a donde" and "a dónde" are used to talk about or ask about the goal of a person or an object.
And we found that these adverbs work with the Spanish verb to have that meaning'And'.In this context, the literal translation of "a donde" would be.to where.We also discussed that this word can also be used as an expression to express surprise or disappointment and as a synonym for "to the house of".
"Donde" and "dónde" are also adverbs meaning "where". However, we mentioned that these words are used to talk about or ask about a place, an object, or a person's location. Unlike "adonde", "donde" can be used with other verbs. Here are some examples that will help you observe these rules:
Where are my glasses? Where are my glasses?
Where are my glasses? Where are my glasses?
Where is your mother going? Where is your mother going?
Where is your mother going? Where is your mother going?
Now that you see the difference between these words in Spanish, you're ready to use them correctly in Spanishwherever you go (wherever you go!)😉
Donde – Location, Destination. Adonde – Destination.How do you use Adonde in a sentence? ›
More example questions using Adónde
¿Adónde vas con tanta prisa? (Where are you going (to) in such a hurry?)
This is commonly used to refer to a destination. For example, where will you go next summer?Does Donde in Spanish have an accent mark? ›
Notes: The question words such as que, donde, adonde, cuando, cual, cuanto have an accent when they are used for questions (either direct or indirect) or exclamations but no accent when they are used as relative pronouns.How do you answer donde? ›
De donde eres? Pronounced: day-dohn-day-air-es. This phrase means “where are you from?” The correct response when somebody asks you “de donde eres” is “yo soy de [insert your answer].” Pronounced: yo-soy-day [insert your answer].How do you answer De Donde? ›
“I am from…” is the most typical response to this question.
You can say you're from a city, state, or country, just like in English: “Soy de Palo Alto,” “Soy de California,” and “Soy de los Estados Unidos” are all completely correct.
To say “I am from…” in Spanish you say soy de…. In this episode of Coffee Break Spanish To Go, Marina asks the question, ¿De dónde eres? (informal) or ¿De dónde es usted? (formal). You can use the answers of our interviewees to help you learn to say where you're from in Spanish.How do you use examples in a sentence? ›
Noun He set a good example for the rest of us. She gave several examples to show that the program is effective. We've chosen three examples of contemporary architecture for closer study.What are the 7 prepositions in Spanish? ›
- Bajo (“under” )
- De (“from” )
- Delante de (“in front of” )
- Desde (“from” )
- Detrás de (“behind” )
- En (“in”/”at”/”on” )
- Encima de (“on top of” )
- Enfrente de (“in front of” )
- hablar (to speak)
- comer (to eat)
- escribir (to write)
Spanish accent marks are called diacritics, meaning they add an extra symbol to an existing letter. They come in three different categories: the diaeresis (ü), the tilde (ñ), and the acute accent (é, á, í, ó, and ú). Spanish accent marks change the pronunciation of the letter they're attached to.What is Rule 1 and Rule 2 in Spanish? ›
Key rules of Spanish stresses
With regards to stressed syllables in Spanish, there are two key rules to remember: 1: If a word ends with a vowel, or the letters 's' or 'n', the penultimate syllable is stressed. 2: If a word ends with a consonant other than 's' or 'n', the final syllable is stressed.
If a word ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or n or s and it is not llana, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable. If a word ends in a consonant (other than n or s) and it is not aguda, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable.How do you answer the question? ›
- Prepare for tough questions. ...
- Pause before responding. ...
- Monitor your body language. ...
- Reword the question. ...
- Take more time if you need to. ...
- Acknowledge the other person's emotions. ...
- Answer a portion of the question. ...
- Ask questions about the question.
¡Sí! (Yes) The Spanish word for 'yes' is 'sí. 'How do you respond to que dia es hoy? ›
In order to ask “What day is today?” in Spanish, you can use the question: ¿Qué día es hoy? (What day is today?). To respond, you will need the phrase “Hoy es + día”, for example: Hoy es lunes (today is Monday).What are 5 easy Spanish words? ›
- Hola (Hello)
- Adios (Goodbye)
- Gracias (Thank you)
- Por favor (Please)
- Si (Yes)
- Claro (Of course)
- No (No)
- Amor (Love)
- What (for a thing, when there are many things)
- Which (for a thing, when there aren't many things)
- Who (for a person)
- Where (for a place)
- Why (for a reason)
- When (for a time)
- How (for a method)
- Whose (to ask about possession)
- Hola – “Hello”
- Me llamo… – “ My name is…”
- ¿Y tú? – “And you?”
- Mucho gusto – “Nice to meet you”
- ¿Qué tal? – “How are you?”
- Nos vemos – “See you”
- Por favor – “Please”
- Gracias – “Thank you”
hasta mañana in American English
(mɑˈnjɑnɑ ) Spanish. so long; (I'll) see you tomorrow.
de shows who or what something belongs to. de can indicate what something is made of, what it contains or what it is used for. de is used in comparisons when a number is mentioned.Why does De mean in Spanish? ›
The preposition de is translated as "of," "from," or "about," but de also can mean "by," "in," or other prepositions in some cases. Del is simply the contraction of de and the definite article el (not él), so we use del in place of de el.What are 5 sentences examples? ›
- My mom taught me to finish everything on my plate at dinner.
- The only problem with a pencil, is that they do not stay sharp long enough.
- Our school building is made of bricks.
- Every night I get woken up by the sound of a barking dog across the street.
- Salad is for rabbits.
In, on, at, through, across, above, over, up, down, to, with, by, beside, beneath, in front of, between, among, etc. are some examples of prepositions.What are the 20 most common prepositions? ›
Prepositions are common in the English language. There are about 150 used with the most common being: above, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, near, of, off, on, to, toward, under, upon, with and within.What are 30 examples of prepositions? ›
- A aboard, about, above, according to, across, after, against, ahead of, along, amid, amidst, among, around, as, as far as, as of, aside from, at, athwart, atop.
- B barring, because of, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, by means of.
- ¿Qué? / ¿Cuál? = What? ...
- ¿Quién? / ¿Quiénes? / ¿De quién? / ¿De quiénes? = Who? ...
- ¿Cuándo? = When? ...
- ¿Cuál? / ¿Cuáles? = Which? / Which ones? ...
- ¿Cuánto/a? / ¿Cuántos/as? = How much? / How many? (Both for feminine and male nouns). ...
- ¿Cómo? = How? ...
- ¿Dónde? = Where? ...
- ¿Por qué? / ¿Para qué? = Why?
- Present tense- Presente. ...
- Imperfect tense- Copretérito / pretérito imperfecto. ...
- Preterite tense- Pretérito / pretérito perfecto simple. ...
- Future tense- Futuro / Futuro simple. ...
- Conditional tense- Pospretérito / condicional simple. ...
- Present perfect- Pretérito perfecto compuesto o antepresente.
- Abandonar - to abandon.
- Abrazar - to hug.
- Averiguar - to find out.
- Bailar - to dance.
- Bañar - to bathe.
- Caminar - to walk.
- Cantar - to sing.
- Causar - to cause.
The ten most heavily used verbs in the English language are be, have, do, say, make, go, take, come, see, and get. The linguistic feature all these words share is that they are irregular.
The 'nose' rule (for words without an accent)
NOSE has vowels, n and s. If a word is a nose word then it ends in a vowel, n or s. You stress the penultimate syllable. There aren't many words in Spanish that end in other consonants except for foreign words such as 'internet'.
- Words ending in a vowel, -n, or -s are stressed on the next to the last (penultimate) syllable: ...
- Words ending in any consonant except -n or -s are stressed on the last syllable: ...
- When rules #1 and #2 above are not followed, a written accent is used:
The Diaeresis in Spanish (ü) This symbol – two dots above a letter – is called a diaeresis (pronounced “die heiresses”). Sometimes people call it an umlaut, but technically, an umlaut and a diaeresis aren't the same thing, despite looking identical.What is a Spanish grammar rule? ›
Every proper sentence in Spanish must have a subject and a verb. There is also a proper place for subjects and verbs in a sentence. Begin a sentence with the subject (the person, place, or thing you're talking about). Follow that with the verb, and then the rest of the sentence (where, how, etc).Do you have to say no twice in Spanish? ›
In Spanish it is customary to say "no" once to answer the yes/no question, and then again in the sentence itself. The second "no" goes with the verb. For example, if someone asked you "¿Habla usted español?" and you don't speak Spanish, you would reply "No. No hablo español" (Noh.How do you get A1 in Spanish? ›
So, in order to receive a Spanish A1 certificate, a student would need to complete a Level A1 Spanish language course.What are the three types of accents in Spanish? ›
The Spanish language has three types of accent: the well-known tilde (ñ), the acute accent (ú) that is usually indicated in speech with word stress, and the diaeresis (ü).What is the best Spanish accent? ›
In general discussion, 'best' usually means an accent that is clearly spoken, with proper annunciation, and easily understood across the Spanish-speaking world. Some people claim that for these reasons, Colombia has the best Spanish accent. Others say that Peru and Ecuador have the best Spanish accent.Do accents really matter in Spanish? ›
Accent marks in Spanish, á, é, í, ó, ú may seem insignificant, but they represent an important way to show how words are pronounced. Accents point out emphasis. Each word in Spanish contains an accent, a syllable that is stressed, but these don't always have to be marked with an accent mark.Is Adonde Va formal? ›
If you are asking one person “where are you going?” you can use either “¿A dónde vas?” or “¿Para dónde vas?” If it's a person with whom you have a more formal relationship, you'll want to use “¿A dónde va?” or “¿Para dónde va?”
In Spanish, as in English, prepositions are used in front of nouns and pronouns (such as people, the man, me, him and so on), and show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and the rest of the sentence. Le enseñé el billete a la revisora. I showed my ticket to the ticket inspector.What are prepositions of location in Spanish? ›
|Preposition in Spanish||English Translation*|
|Adentro (de)||Inside (of), inward|
|Afuera (de)||Outside (of)|
|Al lado (de)||Next (to)|
An informal greeting. Je vais bien — I am well.What do you say when someone says Buenos Dias? ›
In short – the best (and easiest) response to 'buenos días' is a simple 'buenos días' in return! 'Hola, buenos días', 'buen día', 'igualmente' and 'como está' are also excellent responses!What does Buenos Dias mean and reply? ›
Buenos días literally translates to “good days,” combining the Spanish buenos, meaning “good,” and días, meaning “days.” Despite being written as plural, the phrase is used in Spanish and English to simply mean “good morning” or “good day.”What is the easiest way to identify a preposition? ›
Prepositions usually appear before a noun or pronoun, establishing a relationship between nouns, pronouns, and other parts of the sentence. Often short words that indicate direction or location, prepositions must be memorized in order to be recognized.What are the 3 prepositions for location? ›
Prepositions of Location: At, In, On.What are the 10 Spanish prepositions? ›
- alrededor de – around.
- encima de – on, above.
- debajo de – under.
- enfrente de – in front of.
- delante de – before, in front of.
- detrás de – behind.
- fuera de – outside of.
Prepositions of place (in, on, at, next to, in front of, behind, under, etc.)